Herd rebuild buoyed by anticipated summer rain

Key points:

  • Adult cattle slaughter forecast at seven million head for 2020
  • Recovering global foodservice demand and retention of breeding stock will support herd rebuild
  • African Swine Fever remains a critical influence on the global protein trade in 2020 and beyond.

Anticipated drought-breaking rainfall across northern and eastern Australia this summer is expected to allow the national herd rebuild to gain pace, according to Meat & Livestock Australia’s (MLA) Cattle Industry Projections October update.

Having fallen an estimated 12% in the two years to June 2020, the Australian cattle herd is still forecast to increase by 1.9% to 25.1 million head in the year-to-June 2021, encouraged by positive seasonal conditions across many production regions and high cattle prices.

MLA Market Analyst Stuart Bull said while Australia’s beef industry continues to face a series of unique and unprecedented market conditions across both supply and demand, the outlook for the industry was positive.

“While the COVID-19 pandemic has disturbed some markets and market segments, overall, both global and domestic demand for Australian beef remains stable,” Mr Bull said.

“There is the expectation that an earlier La Niña influenced monsoon season will offer northern producers greater confidence. Meanwhile, cattle continue to flow south, as northern sellers take advantage of strong prices and southern buyers, who have benefited from winter rains, look to rebuild ahead of an anticipated supply shortage.

“July’s projection forecast for a 17% decline in cattle slaughter from 2019 levels remains unchanged, with 2020 slaughter estimated at seven million head.

“As a flow-on effect of a sharp decline in adult cattle slaughter, national beef production is now expected to contract 15% year-on-year to 2.05 million tonnes carcase weight (cwt) in 2020. This contraction would represent the lowest level of national beef production since 2001.

“National adult carcase weights are expected to lift 9.4kg or 3% to average 293kg/head in 2020, driven by improved feed availability and a steady fall in the share of female cattle killed.”

Mr Bull said while global markets continue to face uncertainty from COVID-19’s economic impacts, growth in population and middle-class incomes, combined with continuing effects of African Swine Fever (ASF) on Chinese pork supply, underpin the appetite for Australian beef.

“The beef export forecast for 2020 remains unchanged from the July update, at just over one million tonnes shipped weight (swt), a decline of 17% relative to 2019,” Mr Bull said.

“While export volumes are down on 2019 due to supply shortages, the export value to July rose 4%, to just short of A$6 billion.

“Live cattle export shipments remain reasonably stable and are expected to return close to 2018 levels, though down 16% on 2019.”

Mr Bull said looking at prices, with the focus on the herd rebuild and declining female slaughter levels, low supply and high demand should keep pressure on the cattle market.

“The sharp gains that cattle prices experienced in early 2020 have been consolidated, and apart from a short COVID-19 driven slump in March and April, remain at record levels,” Mr Bull said.

“Restocker demand will likely remain robust for the remainder of 2020, and high cattle prices are expected across summer.

“With the throughput of finished cattle reducing further, processors have upheld strong price grids, underpinned by high restocker and feeder prices.

“Global markets have not had much effect on domestic prices, with cattle continuing to trade at record levels throughout the year.”

Click here to read MLA’s Cattle Industry Projections October update or visit the MLA website: https://www.mla.com.au/prices-markets/Trends-analysis/cattle-projections/

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