Low testosterone levels in men linked to higher risk of death

A groundbreaking study led by researchers from The University of Western Australia, in collaboration with teams from Australia, Europe and North America, has uncovered a significant association between low testosterone levels in men and an elevated risk of cardiovascular death and all-cause mortality.

Published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, the systematic review and meta-analysis examined 11 studies involving 24,000 male participants.

The researchers aimed to clarify the impact of sex hormones on key health outcomes in ageing men, shedding light on previous inconsistent findings.

Lead author Professor Bu Yeap from UWA’s Medical School said the findings revealed that men with very low baseline serum testosterone concentrations faced heightened risks of both cardiovascular death and all-cause mortality.

Low testosterone diagnosis

Notably, risk of all-cause mortality increased for men with testosterone levels below 7.4 nmol/L (

“Our research underscores the importance of understanding the impact of sex hormones on health outcomes, particularly in ageing men,” Professor Yeap said.

An accompanying editorial from the University of Washington commended the study’s rigorous methodology, noting its use of individual patient data meta-analysis and mass spectrometry, considered the most accurate method for testosterone measurement.

“By obtaining raw data from nine of the included studies and re-analysing it collectively, the research team was able to conduct a more comprehensive analysis with robust testing for associations,” Professor Yeap said.

“This pioneering study marks a significant step forward in our understanding of the link between testosterone levels and mortality risks in men, offering valuable insights for future research and clinical practice.”

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